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Decoding the Signs: Comprehensive Guide to Diabetes Ke Lakshan (Symptoms of Diabetes)

Introduction

Understanding the symptoms of diabetes, or “Diabetes Ke Lakshan” in Hindi, is crucial for early detection and effective management of this prevalent health condition. This comprehensive guide aims to provide a detailed overview of the signs and symptoms of diabetes, offering valuable insights into recognizing and addressing these indicators promptly.

Diabetes is a disease in which approximately 60 percent of patients do not show any symptoms. In such a situation, it is identified in two ways. First, on the basis of certain symptoms and second, through blood test.

In the blood test, if the sugar level on an empty stomach is more than 126 and after two hours of eating it is more than 200, then the person is diabetic. If the sugar on an empty stomach is 100-125 and after two hours of eating it is 140-199, then it is called pre-diabetes. In such a situation, one should be alert.

Causes and types of diabetes

There are mainly two types of diabetes.

  • Type 1: This is an auto immune condition. That means your immune system mistakenly attacks the beta cells found in the pancreas and destroys them. These beta cells produce insulin, after which insulin production in the body stops.
  • Type-2: In this condition the body is not able to use insulin properly. This disorder stimulates the pancreas to produce more insulin, which fulfills the need for insulin, but after a few days the production of insulin starts decreasing.

Lifestyle should be like this: Even if you do not have diabetes, exercise for 30 minutes 5 days a week.
According to the National Library of Medicine, the more a person increases physical activities, the more the sensitivity of insulin increases. The renowned Wiley online library offers these suggestions for exercise.

  • If you do not have diabetes: Exercise for at least 30 minutes 5 days a week. In this, high intensity aerobic should be done three days a week and strength exercises should be done two days a week.
  • If you have diabetes: Exercise for at least 30 minutes five days a week is necessary. Do exercise according to your body’s capacity. Do light resistance training along with aerobics.

Best time to exercise:
According to Harvard University, it is best for a diabetic patient to exercise one to three hours after eating. Insulin increases at this time. Blood sugar should be checked before exercise. If the sugar level is 100 then one should eat a piece of fruit and do exercise. So that hypoglycemia i.e. sugar deficiency can be avoided.

Good sleep and diet are very effective
. According to Oxford, sleep and insulin are closely related. In the institute, an experiment was conducted on 16 people who were unable to get enough sleep. When their sleeping hours were increased by one hour, there was a good effect on insulin.

Diet should be like this:
Diabetic patients should fulfill 50% of their calorie requirement from starch-free diet, 25% from protein-rich diet and 25% from fat-rich diet. In protein rich diet, all types of pulses, sprouted grains, egg whites are beneficial for diabetic patients. High-fiber foods like green vegetables and salads also help control glucose.

Stay away from stress as it affects blood sugar.

It has been proven in many researches that stress releases certain hormones which increase the risk of diabetes. In such a situation, yoga is the most accurate method of stress management. Doing yoga regularly increases insulin sensitivity in diabetic patients. Increased sensitivity means that the body will use the existing insulin better.

Step 1: Recognizing Early Signs The journey begins with recognizing the early signs of diabetes. These can include increased thirst (बढ़ी हुई प्यास), frequent urination (बार-बार पेशाब आना), and unexplained weight loss (अनहेल्थी वजन कमी). Understanding these subtle cues is crucial for seeking timely medical attention.

Step 2: Understanding Elevated Blood Sugar Delve into the science behind diabetes by understanding how elevated blood sugar levels contribute to its symptoms. Increased blood sugar (रक्त शर्करा) can lead to fatigue (थकान), irritability (चिढ़चिढ़ाहट), and blurred vision (धुंधला दृष्टिशक्ति), serving as additional red flags for potential diabetes.

Step 3: Exploring Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Symptoms Distinguish between the symptoms of Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 symptoms may manifest more rapidly and include extreme hunger (अत्यधिक भूख) and unintended weight loss, while Type 2 symptoms can develop gradually, encompassing frequent infections (बार-बार संक्रमण), slow wound healing (धीरे ठीक होने वाले घाव), and darkened skin patches (काले पत्तियों का उत्पन्न होना).

Step 4: Lifestyle Factors and Risk Assessment Explore lifestyle factors that can contribute to diabetes, such as a sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary choices, and a family history of diabetes. Undertake a risk assessment to identify potential susceptibility and take preventive measures accordingly.

Step 5: Seeking Professional Diagnosis and Treatment Emphasize the importance of consulting a healthcare professional for accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Highlight common diagnostic tests like blood glucose tests (रक्त ग्लूकोज परीक्षण) and HbA1c tests to determine blood sugar levels over time.

Additional Information

  • Dietary Recommendations: Offer dietary recommendations for individuals at risk of or managing diabetes, focusing on a balanced diet, portion control, and mindful eating habits.
  • Importance of Regular Exercise: Stress the significance of regular physical activity in managing diabetes. Engaging in exercises like brisk walking, yoga, or aerobic activities helps in maintaining optimal blood sugar levels.
  • Community Support and Awareness: Encourage community support and awareness programs to foster a culture of understanding and acceptance around diabetes, reducing stigma and promoting early detection.

By navigating through these steps and additional information, individuals can gain a comprehensive understanding of diabetes ke lakshan, empowering them to recognize symptoms early, adopt a proactive approach to their health, and seek timely medical intervention for effective management of diabetes.

Diabetes Symptoms On Hands

  • The skin on the back of the hands becomes hard, and the texture of the skin becomes waxy.
  • The fingers become stiff, due to which there is difficulty in moving them.
  • pebbles can be felt in the fingers
  • The skin on the hands may become thick and swollen
  • Swelling spreading from hands to arms
  • Numbness and pin prick sensation in hands

Ways to Prevent Diabetes- How To Prevent From Diabetes

  • Eat a healthy, balanced and nutrient-rich diet.
  • Do regular exercise and yoga.
  • Avoid eating fried, spicy and very sweet foods.
  • Manage your weight, do not allow excess body fat and weight gain
  • Strictly avoid alcohol consumption and smoking.
  • Include more fiber and protein foods in your diet.
  • Do not let there be deficiency of Vitamin D in the body, soak in sunlight for 10-15 minutes in the morning or evening every day.

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